Craniomandibular Dysfunction (CMD)

Craniomandibuläre Dysfunktion

Describes painful disorders of the chewing muscles or the jaw joints and cranial bones and can lead to tinitus, headaches, migraine, neckpain, facial pain, back pain and many other conditions.


If the jaw joint is not in the right position this can lead to problems that don't seem directly linked to the jaw. All joints, muscles and bones of our body are exactly balanced and adjusted to each other.

The jaw joint has an important position in our body and small irregulations disturb the balance of the rest of the body.

A consequence can be alternations in the complete structural analisys, pain in neck, back and even changing of the way you walk.

It is proven that CMD and backpain are related to each other but it is often not paid enough atention to this disorder in the medicine. As the symptoms can be variing from person to person it can take a long time until CMD is diagnosed.


Symptoms of CMD are:

  • Facial pain
  • Tinitus
  • neckpain
  • backpain
  • headaches and migraine
  • vertigo
  • problems opening and closing the mouth
  • click noise in the jaw joint
  • postural deformities

It is an advantage if there is an interdisciplinary cooperation between Physiotherapists and dentists. At Physio Fit we treat CMD depending on the symptoms with manual therapy, osteopathy and acupuncture. CMD needs to be treated by specialised therapists. For more information on this topic please do not hesitate to contact us.

Fields of application by Physio-Fit